Learning objects: the sharing of teaching materials as a natural evolution of the Web

Main Article Content

Corrado Petrucco


Discussion of Learning Objects (LO) and sharing of educational materials. In addition to the standards that exist today, some issues are dealt with the emergence of these new objects of learning.

Article Details

Articles - Special Issue


Altered Vista (2000), System for Collaborative Filtering of educational Resources, (http://alteredvista.usu.edu/).

Bruner J. (2001), La cultura dell’educazione. Nuovi orizzonti per la scuola. Milano, Feltrinelli (in versione originale: Bruner J. (1996), The Culture of Education, Harvard University Press.

Chan L. M. (1989), Inter-indexer consistency in subject cataloging, Information Technology and Libraries, 8(4), 349-358.

Cleverdon C.W. (1984), Optimizing convenient on-line access to bibliographic databases, Information Services & Use, 4, 37-47.

Conole G. (2002), Systematising learning and research information, Journal of Interactive Media in Education, vol. 7 p.2, (http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/2002/7).

Costa R (1999), Valutazione e uso del materiale didattico multimediale, Pensa Multimedia, Lecce.

Damiano E. (1995), Guida alla didattica per concetti, Iuvenilia, Milano, p.218.

Domenici G. (1998), Manuale dell’orientamento e della didattica modulare, Laterza, Roma.

Downes S. (2000), Learning object, (http://www.downes.ca/files/Learning_Ob jects.htm).

Downes S. (2003a), One standard for all: why we don’t want it, why we don’t need it, CETIS, the Centre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards, (http://www.cetis.ac.uk/lib/media /one_standard.pdf ).

Downes S. (2003b), RDF site summary 1.0 modules: Learning object metadata. Retrieved May 16, (http://www.downes.ca /xml/rss_lom.htm).

Friesen N. (2002), Semantic Interoperability, Communities of Practice and the CanCore Learning Object Metadata Profile, The Eleventh International World Wide Web Conference Proceedings, ACM Press, New York.

Friesen N. (2003), Three objections to Learning object (draft in press).

Galliani L. (1986), Mediateche e catalogazione del software, Quaderni di Comunicazione Audiovisiva e Nuove Tecnologie, vol. 8.

Galliani L. (1998), Didattica e comunicazione, in AA.VV., Lineamenti di didattica, Studium Educationis, 4, Cedam, Padova.

Gee J.P. (1997), The situated sociocultural mind, in D. Kirshner and J.A. Whitson Mahwah, Situated Cognition, Lawrence Erlbaum, New Jersey.

IEEE 1484.12.1 Standard for Learning object Metadata, June 2002, (http://ltsc. ieee.org/).

Levine A., Lamb B., D’Arcy N. (2003), Syndicating Learning Objects with RSS and Trackback, MERLOT International Conference Vancouver, British Columbia, Aug 5-8, (http://www.mcli.dist.maricopa.edu/show /merlot03/).

Longmire W. (2000), Content and context : Designing and developing learning object, in W. Longmire, G. Tuso, E.D. Wagner, D. Brightman (Eds.), Learning Without Limits, San Francisco: Informania, pp. 21-30.

Jonassen D.H., Reeves T. C (1996), Learning with Technology: Using Computers as Cognitive Tools, in D.H. Jonassen (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology, New York Simon & Shuster Macmillan, pp. 693-719.

Mantovani G. (1996), L’elefante invisibile, Firenze, Giunti.

Marconi D. (1999), La competenza lessicale, Laterza, Bari.

Merrill D., ID2 Research Team (1996), Instructional Transaction Theory: Instructional Design based on Knowledge Objects, M. Educational Technology, 36(3), 30-37.

McGreal R., Roberts T. (2001), A primer on metadata for learning object: Fostering an interoperable environment, E-Learning, vol. 2, pp.10(http://www.campussaskatchewan.ca /pdfs/ metadata_learningobjects.pdf).

Moen W.E. (2001), Mapping the interoperability landscape for networked information retrieval, in Proceedings of First ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Roanoke, VA, June 24-28, pp. 50-52, New York: The Association for Computing Machinery.

Novak J.D. (1999), Learning, creating and using Knowledge, Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates (anche in edizione italiana, 2001, SEI).

Petrucco C. (2002a), Costruire mappe per cercare in rete: il metodo Sewcom, in TDTecnologie Didattiche, n. 25.

Petrucco C. (2002b), Laboratorio di Ricerca delle informazioni in Internet per la Didattica, Studium Educationis - Rivista per la formazione nelle professioni educative, n. 3/2002, pp. 735-746.

Plowman L. (1996), Narrative, linearity and interactivity: making sense of interactive multimedia, British Journal of Educational Technology, 27:2, pp. 92-105.

Pontecorvo C., Ajello A.M., Zucchermaglio C. (1995), I contesti sociali dell’apprendimento. Acquisire conoscenze a scuola, nel lavoro, nella vita quotidiana, Milano, Ambrosiana.

Pozzi F. (2002), Verso una Scuola modulare, TD - Tecnologie Didattiche, n. 2/2002, pp.18-24.

Recker M., Walzer A., Wiley D. (2000), An interface for Collaborative filtering of Educational Resources in Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence.

Recker M.M., Wiley D.A. (2001), A nonauthoritative educational metadata ontology for filtering and recommending learning object, Journal of Interactive Learning Environments, The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger, (http://wiley.ed.usu.edu/docs/nonauthoritative. pdf).

Reigeluth C.M., Nelson L. M. (1997), A new paradigm of ISD? in R. C. Branch & B. Minor (Eds.), Educational media and technology yearbook, Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, vol. 22, pp. 24-35.

Sosteric M., Hesemeier S. (2002), When is a Learning Object not an Object: a First Step towards a Theory of Learning Objects, in International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, vol. 3, no.2.

Spiro R.J., Feltovich P.J., Jacobson M.J., Coulson R.L. (1987), Cognitive flexibility, constructivism, and hypertext: Random access instruction for advanced knowledge acquisition in ill-structured domains, in Jonassen T. M. D. D. H. (Ed.), Constructivism and the Technology of Instruction: A Conversation, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Swallow J., Carey T.T., Oldfield W. (2002), Educational Rationale Metadata for Learning object, Merlot International Conference, Atlanta.

Varisco B.M. (1994), Flessibilità Cognitiva e ipermedia: un’applicazione per l’analisi dell’opera d’arte, in Baldassarre V.A., Multimedialità, interattività e formazione, Edizioni del Sud, Modugno, Bari.

Vertecchi B. (a cura di) (1999), La dodattica: parole e idee, Paravia, Torino.

Wenger E. (1998), Communities of practice: learning as social system, in Systems Thinker (http://www.co-i-l.com/coil/knowledge- garden/cop/lss.shtml).

Wiley D.A. (2000), Connecting learning object to instructional design theory: A definition, metaphor and taxonomy, in Wiley D.A. (Ed.), Instructional Use of Learning object. Association of Educational Communications and Technology.

Zunde P., Dexter, M.E. (1969) Indexing consistency and quality. American Documentation, 20, pp. 259-2.